National Agriculture Market known as E-NAM is a Pan-India Digital and electronic trading portal for farmers and agriculture traders to connect the existing mandis through internet. Agriculture Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) mandis are networked with each other to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.
NAM in Simple Terms
Just like CBSE regulates all the schools that come under its affiliation, like setting up common syllabus, deciding examination pattern, the same way NAM is an electronic platform to give a common platform to all the Mandis in India recognized by APMC. This will help in creating a transparent medium for business in farming and will help the farmers to get the best rate of their crop. Out of 585 Mandis, 400 will be integrated by March 2017 and remaining 185 mandis will be integrated by March 2018.
Components of NAM
- A national e-market platform for clear sale business and price discovery initially in regulated markets.
- Willing states are offered to accordingly enact suitable provisions in their APMC act to promote E-trading.
- Liberal licensing of traders/buyers and commission agents by state establishment and authorities without any qualification of physical presence or ownership of shop premises in the market yard.
- On license for a trader valid across all markets in the state.
- Single point levy of market fees, i.e. on the first wholesale purchase from the farmer.
- Provision for soil testing laboratories in or near the selected mandi to facilitate visiting farmers to contact this facility in the mandi i.e APMC itself.
- Harmonization of quality standards of agricultural produce and provision for a saying and doing a quality testing infrastructure in every market to enable up to date bidding buyers.
While every political party talks about working for farmers but none have been so effective in keeping up with their promises. Let’s see what the NDA government offers to the farmers through this new technique.
Benefits of Electronic National Agriculture Market (E-NAM) : E-NAM provides multiple benefits to various stakeholders of the system.
- For farmers, under NAM the farmers have more option to sell their produce with competitive returns.
- NAM will provide access to larger national market for secondary trading for local traders.
- For bulk buyers, processors, exporters, NAM will enable direct participation in the local mandi trade, reducing middleman cost.
- Due to Enam the prices will be stable and it will increase the availability to consumer.
Progress of implementation
The Project Appraisal Committee has given approval for 12 states including Gujarat, Telangana, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. As pilot launch of the scheme 21 districts have been chosen from 8 states like Gujarat, Haryana, Telangana, Rajasthan, MP, UP, Jharkhand & Himachal Pradesh.
NAM was launched on 14th April 2016 in 21 markets and will sooner be implemented to the rest markets. To facilitate assaying of commodities for trading on NAM, eNam developed universal tradable parameters for 25 generic commodities.
It will be matter of discourse to look that what height this scheme will achieve in the coming days. Linking the farmers through web portal is one of the most different approaches taken by the government. Let’s hope like every other scheme this scheme shall help in the betterment of our farmers.